Day: 16 February 2016

What Open Access is and what it is not

This is a guest post by Nancy Pontika, Open Access Aggregation Officer at the COnnecting REpositories (CORE) project, Knowledge Media Institute, Open University. What is Open Access and why is it useful? The scholarly communications landscape is constantly changing. Printed journals have been replaced with electronic publications; authors refrained from using strict copyright rules, such as  “All Rights Reserved” licenses, and shifted to the use of licenses with more flexible rights that allow content re-use, like Creative Commons; finally, creators of scientific content are more willing than ever to share their research findings from their own computers with everyone in the world. These three aforementioned components constitute the definition of “open access” (OA), which is the movement that aims to disseminate digital scientific content online and free of cost, with limited or no rights restrictions. Established by the Budapest Open Access Initiative  (BOAI) in 2002, OA can be delivered via two main routes: open access journals (Gold OA) and repositories (Green OA); the latter are further divided into two main categories of subject and institutional repositories. OA attempts to provide a viable solution to the journal crisis and the constantly increasing subscription prices of scientific journals, which rise faster than […]